History of Fort
Fort Main Page
Area Attractions
Portfolio Page
Jalapeno Cafe

The Buffalo Soldiers

On June 28, 1866, an act of Congress authorized the creation of six regiments of black soldiers, two of cavalry and four of infantry. These troops went on to play a major role in the history of the West as the "Buffalo Soldiers."
For more than 20 years, the 9th and 10th cavalry regiments served on the Frontier from Montana to Texas.They built forts and roads, strung telegraph lines, protected railroad crews and escorted stagecoach lines. They fought the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa, Comanche and Apache warriors. The Plains Indians began to call the black cavalrymen "Buffalo Soldiers" and the troops accepted the name and wore it proudly. To be associated with the Indian's scared buffalo was a measure of respect.
First Sergeant Emanuel Stance of the 9th Cavalry, stationed at Ft. McKavett, was the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor in the Indian Wars. By the close of the Indian Wars, ten more Medals of Honor would be awarded to Buffalo Soldiers of the 9th Cavalry.

Fort Main Page History of Fort Buffalo Soldiers Area Attractions